In accordance with the demands of democracy to meet the community’s sense of justice in the region; to expand and improve the morale and capacity of regional participation in national life; and to strengthen the Unitary Republic of Indonesia; therefore, in order to reform the constitution, the People’s Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia (MPR RI) forms a new representative body, the House of Regional Representative of the Republic of Indonesia (DPD RI). The formation of DPD RI was conducted through three changes to the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945 (UUD 1945) in November 2001.

Since those changes, the system of parliamentary representation in Indonesia has changed from a unicameral system to bicameral system. Those changes will not happen immediately, but through the stages of a long discussion both in public and in the People’s Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia (MPR RI), particularly in the Ad Hoc Committee I. The process of change in the People’s Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia (MPR RI) not only pays attention to political demands and insights that grew with the reformation, but also involves academic discussion, by examining the prevailing system of government in other countries, especially in a country that adopts democracy.

In the discussion process, it has been developed strong views about the need for institutions that can represent local interests, as well as to maintain a balance between regions and between the central and the regions, fairly and harmoniously. The basic idea for the formation of DPD RI is the desire to accommodate more to regional aspirations and at the same time giving greater role to the region in the process of political decision-making for matters that directly related mainly to regional interests. The desire begins from a real indication that the decision-making, centralized in the past, has resulted in inequality and a sense of injustice, and has also given an indication for the threat of territorial integrity and national unity. All this time the existence of the Regional Representatives elements in the membership of MPR RI (prior to the change of the Constitution of 1945) is considered inadequate to address these challenges.